The United States, Canada and Mexico have ratified a free trade agreement. The trade agreement replaces the old nafta trade agreement and came into force on July 1, 2020. The new agreement has been called “NAFTA 2.0” or “New NAFTA.” There are three official names for the free trade agreement, it has a name for each country participating in the agreement: the agreement between the United States and Mexico-Canada (USMCA) replaced the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) on July 1, 2020. Parties wishing to import duty-free “original products” into the United States, Mexico and Canada with the preferential benefits of the USMCA Free Trade Agreement must have a valid certificate of origin at the time of application. , either by the exporter, the manufacturer or the importer. Unlike the NAFTA Certificate of Origin requirement, the USMCA does not need a specific form. An application for preferential treatment under the USMCA should contain nine minimum data elements indicating that the product requiring preferential treatment is originating and meeting the requirements of Chapter 5 of the USMCA. This information can be provided on an invoice or other document, provided that it details the original product to enable its identification and to meet the requirements of the agreement. It is recommended to use the form below to ensure consistency and compliance. They must be able to present the certificate that applies for duty-free preferential benefits when they apply to the appropriate customs authorities in the United States, Mexico or Canada.

They must also be able to provide support to demonstrate the status of “native products” that served as the basis for their certification. Customs authorities may impose penalties or fines for non-compliance. There is currently no formal certification of the original USMCA, issued by the government or approved by the state. In accordance with the text of the agreement, all certifications must include a series of “minimum data elements.” For Canadian exporters, the free trade agreement is called the Canada-U.S.-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA). Download the English or French version of the CUSMCA certificate. For Mexican exporters, the free trade agreement is called Tratado between México, Estados Unidos y Canadé (T-MEC). Download the Spanish-language version of the T-MEC certificate. For each type of well-described, you can specify the applicable criterion (A to D). The rules of origin are in Chapter 4. To qualify for preferential tariff treatment, each product must meet at least one of the following criteria.

New NAFTA, known as USMCA (U.S.), CUSMA (Canada) and T-MEC (Mexico), came into effect on July 1, 2020 with an additional deadline for its implementation until the end of the year. Join us with North American trade expert and licensed U.S. customs broker Adam Hill, President and COO of Scarbrough Group of Companies, to learn more about the highlights of the revised U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA). Once completed, you must send the importer a paper or electronic copy of the original certificate. The importer asserting the right and the party issuing the certificate are required to keep all documents relating to the USMCA`s claims at least five years after the transaction closes.