The Association Agreement between Ukraine and the European Union is an association agreement between the European Union (EU), Euratom, Ukraine and the 28 UNION Member States (separate parts of the EU and Euratom). It creates a political and economic association between the parties. The agreement came into force on September 1, 2017 and some parts had previously been provisionally implemented. The parties pledged to cooperate in a wide range of areas and to end economic policy, legislation and regulation, including equal rights for workers, approaches to the free movement of persons, the exchange of information and staff in the field of justice, the modernisation of Ukraine`s energy infrastructure and access to the European Investment Bank. The parties committed to holding summit meetings and regular meetings between ministers, other officials and experts. In addition, the agreement establishes a comprehensive and comprehensive free trade area between the parties. Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych reaffirmed his commitment to the agreement in his annual speech on Ukraine`s Independence Day on 24 August and called it an incentive for Ukraine to become a modern European state. In the same speech, he also called for the preservation and deepening of relations”…, the united Russia, countries of the Eurasian community, other world leaders and new centers of economic development. [216] Pro-European Ukrainian opposition politicians said that Russia`s action was in line with a leaked document that set out a Russian government strategy to rob Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia`s customs union of Ukraine and prevent further association with Euro-Atlantic structures. The 14-language document lists efforts to promote pro-Russian rhetoric in the media dominated by anti-Russian views, to punish pro-European entrepreneurs, tv moguls and Ukrainian politicians, to elect pro-Russian Viktor Medvedchuk as president in 2015, and then to clean up pro-European officials. In this context, there is also reference to cooperation with Belarus and Kazakhstan. [217] [218] Experts who commented on the leaked document argued that Medvedchuk had no chance of winning the 2015 presidential elections and could not seriously disrupt the signing of the association agreement. [219] After the signing of the economic component of the Association Agreement between Ukraine and the European Union on 27 June 2014 (by new President Petro Poroshenko), Russian President Vladimir Putin said that Ukraine`s decision between Russia and the EU would divide the country into two parts. [2] [223] The parties will strengthen their cooperation in the areas of technical regulations, standards, measurement techniques, market surveillance, accreditation and compliance assessment, in order to improve mutual understanding of their respective systems and facilitate access to their respective markets.